What is the definition of research?
According to students (Pew Internet) “research” = “googling”
According to teachers (Pew Internet) “research” in prior generations was a time-consuming process that involved formulating a clear research question and then seeking out relevant and accurate information from trusted sources (mainly libraries), often with the aid of an expert (such as a reference librarian).
Research skills in college
Colleges want their students to have research skills (Duke).
- Professors challenge students’ intellectual curiosity
- Professors assign rigorous research assignments
Colleges are reporting students have little to no experience with the following (Folsom)
- Choosing and using academic sources
- Knowing the difference between magazines and academic journals
- How to use reference books
- How to track down cited materials
- Selecting search terms
- Determining importance of search results
Research skills in high school
To ensure that all students are prepared for college level research
Schools and teachers need to:
- Stress the importance of research beyond using google
- Provide students with the resources and time they need to develop and use research skills
- Research skills need to be taught when they are going to be used (not in a vacuum)
- Introduce, reemphasize and integrate research skills across grade levels and subject areas
- Ensure students know: search techniques; the difference between primary, secondary and tertiary sources; the difference between scholarly journals and magazines; what peer edited means; how to validate a source; how to use search results; how to cite sources, quote and paraphrase; how to write in a scholarly format
- Challenge students to stand behind their research